Foreign businessmen who want to open a company in Georgia
can select one of the company types
that are prescribed under the country’s national legislation. The investors may choose between companies with limited liability
, joint stock companies
. The partnerships
that can be set up in Georgia
are available as limited partnerships
or general partnerships
. Also, foreign companies
may enter the local market by opening a subsidiary or a branch office
and our team of specialists in company registration in Georgia
can provide in-depth assistance on these business structures
How can an investor register a Georgian company?
All the Georgian legal entities
must be registered with the National Agency of the Public Registry subordinated to the Ministry of Justice in Georgia
. The registration of the companies
is based on a signed and notarized application. The application must include a set of information, such as the name of the company
, the type of company
, its address, the purposes for which it was set up as well as the following:
- • date of starting the business and a notarized copy of the company’s statutory documents;
- • providing information on the founder of the company (name, address, place of birth and the profession),
- • the amount of share capital and details regarding the contribution of each partner;
- • documents regarding each member of the supervisory board and management board.
The application must be accompanied by the charter of company
, the documents showing the value of the contributions made in kind, a proof from the Information Center of the Ministry of Internal Affairs
that the persons appointed to represent the company
are not subject to penalty for proprietary offences, the documents of appointment of the directors and members of the councils.
If necessary, all the documents must be accompanied by the
notarized and legalized translation into Georgian
. A registration fee
must be paid before the company
is registered in the Entrepreneurial Register
. After submitting all the above mentioned documents along with the proof of registration fee payment
, the company
will receive an identification number and a certificate of state and a tax registration; our team of specialists in company formation in Georgia
can provide more details related to this matter.
The fee ranges from GEL 100 in the situation of the standard registration, but the investors may opt for a faster registration, in which case they will have to pay a fee of GEL 200. The last step before starting the actual economical activity is opening a bank account. The registration with the National Agency of the Public Registry lasts 1-2 days.
Why register a Georgian limited liability company?
A limited liability company (LLC)
is formed by maximum 50 shareholders
and the capital is divided into shares
. The advantage of a Georgian LLC
is given by the fact that the investors will be liable for the company’s debts
only to the amount of the shares they own in the company
shares are freely transferable and the members of the company are not allowed to withdraw. Other characteristics of the LLC
are the following:
- • it is the most common type of business registered in Georgia, preferred by both foreign and local businessmen;
- • the LLC can be set up by natural persons, but legal entities are also allowed to register this business form;
- • the share capital of the LLC is divided into shares and the investors can’t issue additional shares;
- • the registration of this business form can last approximately two weeks.
What are other popular business forms in Georgia?
The joint stock companies are business forms with the capital divided into shares with equal nominal value and this type of legal entity can be registered with more than 50 members. The members of the joint stock companies have the responsibilities limited to the nominal value of their shares and it is important to know that the investors of this type of company may issue additional shares.
A general partnership in Georgia
can be incorporated
by minimum two partners, who have equal liability for the company’s profits and losses
. They both have decisional powers. In the case of a limited liability partnership in Georgia
it is also necessary to associate at least two partners, with the difference that one will have the quality of a general partner, while the other will be a limited partner. The general partner carries the full responsibility for the company’s debts
and incomes, unlike the
limited partner who has
limited responsibilities in extend of his/her contribution to the company’s capital
Furthermore, foreign investors can operate on the local market through a branch office
, which is a type of company
that is managed and controlled by the foreign company abroad
. In this case, the parent company
is held responsible for any debts and financial difficulties related to the branch office registered in Georgia
The branch office
does not represent a legal entity in itself, as it is just a sub-division of the parent company
. One of the advantages of opening a branch office
in this country refers to the fact that the investors will have lower initial costs related to the registration of this type of entity. When opening a company in Georgia
as a branch office
, the following steps will have to be concluded:
- • provide a decision of the parent company related to the registration of a branch office in Georgia;
- • provide the parent company’s statutory documents and a proof regarding that the parent company is a registered entity in its country of origin;
- • a decision which states the name of the appointed director of the branch office or of any other legal representative which has the right to represent the office in Georgia;
- • an evidence regarding the company’s registered address in Georgia;
- • the identification documents of the branch’s appointed director and an evidence regarding the payment of the registration fee.
How can an investor open a bank account in Georgia?
As mentioned earlier, it is necessary to open a corporate bank account for a newly formed business, this being one of the compulsory steps of the procedure of company formation in Georgia
. This procedure can be completed in only one day, in the situation in which the investors have prepared the necessary documents. Some of the important aspects related to the registration of a corporate bank account are presented below:
- • the procedure will incur the payment of a small fee, which ranges from GEL 10 to GEL 100, depending on the fees established by each commercial bank;
- • the investors will need to provide the company’s tax registration certificate;
- • it is also necessary to provide copies of the identification documents of all the persons that can represent the company;
- • it is also compulsory to offer a signature sample of the company’s director.
What are the main VAT obligations in Georgia?
Any company that develops commercial activities in Georgia is required to pay the value added tax (VAT), unless the service or the product provided by the company is exempted from this type of tax. The tax regulations in Georgia stipulate that a local business has to register for VAT purposes once the company’s annual revenues are of minimum GEL 100,000.
Are there any tax incentives for Georgian based companies?
Yes, companies in Georgia
can obtain a set of tax incentives, including for trading matters. It is necessary to know that Georgia
benefits from several regions which provide a special tax treatment, known as free zones, more exactly, free industrial zones. Our team of specialists in company registration in Georgia
can assist with in-depth advice on how to start a business in the country’s free zones and can provide advice on the types of business activities that are accepted in such special regions.
Thus, persons who are interested in starting the procedure of company formation in Georgia
can obtain relevant tax deductions if they set up their businesses in the regions of Tbilisi
, the capital city, and the cities of Kutaisi and Poti
(the latter being a seaport).
One of the main advantages of opening a company in Georgia
in its free zones refers to the tax exemptions that can be obtained by local and international businesses. For example, in the country’s free zones several taxes do not apply, as it is the case for the corporate income tax or on the taxes on trading; also, companies
can benefit from lower value added tax rates.
Amongst the types of activities that can be developed in such regions we mention the following: consulting activities, financial activities
, manufacturing or construction; our representatives
can offer more information on other tax incentives and benefits that can be obtained when conducting a business in these free zones.
Who can start a sole trader in Georgia?
Another way to start a business in Georgia
is by opening a sole trader
(known as individual entrepreneur
). The sole trader
represents the simplest way to open a company in Georgia
and it is recommended for small businesses. The main characteristic of the sole trader
is that the company
is represented by a single founder, who develops a business activity in his or her name.
The downsize of the type of business form is given by the fact that the owner of the company is personally responsible with his or her own assets in the situation in which the company has any financial difficulties, as there is no distinction between the owner and the company; the sole trader can also be registered by foreigners.
Information regarding the Georgian economy
is situated in a strategic area, connecting Asia to Europe, and this offers the country a competitive advantage - it is seen as a desirable location for foreign investors
. The well developed infrastructure helps the import and export of goods all over the world.
is also known for its various reforms made in all the sectors, in its attempt to attract foreign investments. The financial system is encouraging - even though in 2004 there were 21 taxes, the number of them has decreased to only six. The VAT
is imposed at a rate of 18%, the corporate tax rate is established at a rate of 15% and dividends distributed by a company
are subject to a 5% dividend tax rate.
Another reason why the investors are interested in opening companies in Georgia
is the simplified registration procedure
of a business. The process of registration of a new company
doesn’t take longer than two days, as mentioned above, but the entire registration process
can take longer, if we consider the registration with the local institutions, obtaining specific business permits and other necessary steps.
The Georgian workforce
is well trained and the country is situated on the 1st place in the world
in the Adult Literacy Rate indicator
(with a rate of 100%). The country also benefits from a young workforce and this can provide numerous advantages to foreign businessmen who are seeking to expand on this market.
For more details regarding the registration of a company in Georgia
, we invite you to contact our specialists in company formation
, who can offer further information on any aspect concerning the registration procedure
. Investors may also request assistance on the tax regulations applicable to a specific business structure.